There are different forms of blood cancers and AML or Acute Myeloid Leukemia is considered to be one of the most dangerous types of blood cancers that could impact mankind. As we know all types of blood cancers have to do with some problems with the bone marrow. The bone marrow is the place where red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are produced. Hence, whenever a person suffers from cancers that impact the bone marrow, he or she could suffer a depletion of highly important red blood cells and there could be a proliferation of unhealthy white blood cells. While chemotherapy is the first and most important line of treatment, going in for AML leukemia bone marrow transplant often happens to be the only way forward when all out treatment approaches may have failed.
What does this treatment do?
When AML is done the right way, it could help in replacing the unhealthy cells with healthy and new cells. This could be helpful for older patients who suffer from AML. In many cases, going in for AML could lead to a complete remission of the diseases and the rate of survival of such patients could go up quite dramatically.
Which type of transplant is done?
Allogenic transplant is the most common approach as far as bone marrow transplant is concerned. With this approach, the patient is given fresh blood cells from some other person after the right kind of blood group matching and other things are done. The healthy cells can be donated by a family member or it also could come from a bone marrow bank or even through umbilical cord blood. Before the person is transplanted with the healthy blood cells, he or she has to undergo chemotherapy and it could also be accompanied by radiation therapy if needed. This will help to kill the unhealthy cells. Once this process has been completed, the healthy cells are transplanted into the bone marrow, through an intravenous method. It is done with the help of an IV catheter. The new cells slowly move into the bone marrow and they help in producing healthy cells and this leads to a remission of AML blood cancer.
What are the risks associated with AML Bone Marrow Transplant?
While there is no doubt that AML bone marrow transplant is one of the best approaches for treating AML patients, there are a few risks that need to be taken into account. For example, there could be a risk of rejection of the new bone marrow cells by the body of the patients. Then the doctors and the patients have a problem in hand and it has to be addressed safely. Secondly, there also could be the risk of infections because of these new bone marrow cells being transplanted. The defense and immune system of the body may react violently to these bone marrow transplants because it may consider it to be an invader.
The Final Word
However, at the end of the day, if you are able to identify the right bone marrow cell donor and if it is done under the best of medical care, there is no doubt that it could help in overcoming the problems, risks and challenges associated with AML. It could bring down the mortality levels quite significantly and could also lead to complete remission and reversal of AML.
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